(1) American Revolution
(2) French Revolution
(3) Chinese Revolution
(4) Russian Revolution
Correct Answer : ‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’ is the call associated with French Revolution.
The people of France overthrew their ancient government in 1789. The triad ‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’ became popular with the French Revolution.
Equality, doing away with privilege, was the most important part of the slogan to the French revolutionists. For equality, they sacrificed their political liberty and they even accepted the rule of Napoleon I. Fraternity, brotherhood with all men, was also sacrificed. However, they did win equality before the law.
Robespierre proposed in 1790 that triad ‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’should be written in National Guard uniforms and in all flags. In 1848 this motto was defined in the French constitution as constituting a principle of the republic; it appears in the constitutions of 1946 and 1958.
‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’ is the national motto of France. It is a typical example of a tripartite motto. Although it finds its origins in the French Revolution, it was then only one motto among others and was not institutionalised until the Third Republic at the end of the 19th century.
Later, these three ideals have become social movements throughout history.
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