The Nile River – 10 Interesting Facts

The Nile River is one of the most famous rivers anywhere on our planet. This river is very important for people and wildlife. Here are a few interesting facts why this river is so influential — and so interesting: –

Origin of Nile River :-

  • Nile River has long been recognized as the longest river in the world. It has a length of about 4,132 miles and drains an area estimated at 1,293,000 square miles. However, there is some debate over this as some scientists argue that the Amazon River in South America is longer.
  • Nile River, sometimes, called the father of African rivers. The name Nile comes from the Greek word “neilos”, which means valley.
  • It rises south of the Equator and flows northward through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile is often associated with Egypt, but in fact, it flows through 11 countries: Tanzania, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt.
Nile River has long been recognized as the longest river in the world. It has a length of about 4,132 miles and drains an area estimated at 1,293,000 sq miles.
The Nile River has been recognized as the world longest river. Image Credit : WikiPedia

Tributaries of Nile River :-

  • The Nile River is formed by two principal tributaries: the Blue Nile and the Atbara, which flow from the highlands of Ethiopia, and the White Nile the headstreams of which flow into Lakes Victoria and Albert. Due to losses along the way, the White Nile only contributes about 15% to the flow of the combined Nile. The Blue Nile, rising in Ethiopia, contributes about 85% to the flow of the Nile that passes through Egypt to the Mediterranean.
  • The Blue Nile and White Nile merge together in the city of Khartoum in Sudan. From there, the river continues to flow north through Egypt and, finally, into the Mediterranean Sea.
  • The Nile has been an important source of life for people of Africa throughout history. Around 5,000 years ago, the Ancient Egyptians Civilization thrived on the banks of the Nile River. They heavily relied on the Nile for fresh water, food and transportation and fertile land.
  • In earlier time, the Nile was used to flood every year during the rainy season. That flooded land was very fertile for the cultivation of crops. However, in 1970, the Aswan High Dam was built. This huge dam controls the flow of the river to generate electricity, irrigate (water) farms and provide homes with drinking water.
  • The river and its banks are home to lots of wonderful wildlife, including different kinds of fish and birds, turtles, snakes, hippos and the Nile crocodile.  The Nile crocodile are one of the largest and most dangerous species and are responsible for the deaths of many people each year.
  • The Nile River basin, which covers about one-tenth of the area of the continent, served as the stage for the evolution and decay of advanced civilizations in the ancient world. On the banks of the river dwelled people who were among the first to cultivate the arts of agriculture and to use the plow.
  • Located on the Blue Nile in Ethiopia, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has been under construction since 2011 and is expected to be fully operational in 2022. It is around 15km east of the border with Sudan. Upon completion, the dam will be the largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa and will be the seventh-largest in the world.

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