Important Provisions of Pitts India Act 1784

The Pitts India Act 1784 of Parliament of Great Britain was intended to address the shortcomings of the Regulating Act of 1773. The supervisory role of British Parliament on the affairs of the Company failed to control the nepotism and corruption among the officials of the Company.

Key Provisions Pitts India Act 1784

  • This Pitts India Act 1784 brought the affairs of the Company under the control of the British Parliamentary Control.
  • A 6-member Board of Controllers was created at London which was headed by a minister of the British Government.
  • The commercial and political activities of the Company were now separated – Court of Directors for commercial functions and Board of Control for political affairs.
  • This Act provided for a joint government of British India by both the Company and the Crown with the British government holding the ultimate authority. In fact, Company became a subordinate department of the State. The Company’s territories in India were called ‘the British possession in India’.
  • The membership of Governor General-in Council reduced to three (1 + 3), and the Governor-General, a crown appointee, authorized to veto the majority decisions.
  • By this Pitts India Act 1784, Governing Councils established at Madras and Bombay presidencies.
  • The Governors of Madras and Bombay were clearly subordinated to the Governor General. The Governor-General was given greater powers in matters of war, revenue and diplomacy.
The Pitts India Act 1784 of Parliament of Great Britain was intended to address the shortcomings of the Regulating Act of 1773.
Important Provisions of the Pitts India Act 1784

Note: The system set up by Pitts India Act 1784 did not undergo any major changes until the end of the company’s rule in India in 1858.

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