The chief advocate of Fascism was ?

(1) Mussolini
(2) Adolf Hitler
(3) St. Simon
(4) Robert Owen

Correct Answer : (1) The chief advocate of Fascism was Benito Mussolini.

Explanation :

Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party, ruling the country from 1922 to his ousting in 1943. He was the chief advocate of Fascism. Originally a member of the Italian Socialist Party from 1912 to 1914, Mussolini fought in World War I as an ardent nationalist. In 1919, Mussolini founded the Italian Fasces of Combat in Milan, which became the National Fascist Party two years later.

Fascism is a radical authoritarian nationalist political ideology. The three main principles of fascist philosophy are-

(i) Every thing in the state.
(ii) Nothing outside the state.
(iii) Nothing against the state.

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