Correct Answer : (3) Ideology of fascism developed in Italy during World War I.
The ideology of fascism was developed during World War I by Italian national syndicalists who combined left-wing and right-wing political views.
Ideology of fascism have commonly opposed having a firm association with any section of the left-right spectrum and opposes multiple ideologies: conservatism, liberalism, and two major forms of socialism – communism and social democracy.
Ideology of fascism believe that liberal democracy is obsolete and regard the complete mobilization of society under a totalitarian one-party state, led by a dictator, as necessary to prepare a nation for armed conflict and respond effectively to economic difficulties.
Fascist Benito Mussolini seized power in Italy in 1922 and Adolf Hitler had successfully consolidated his power in Germany by 1933.
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