(1) one tenth of the solar mass
(2) one thousandth of the solar mass
(3) one hundredth of the solar mass
(4) half the solar mass
Correct Answer : (2) The mass of Jupiter is approximately one thousandth of the solar mass.
The mass of planet Jupiter is 1.9×10^27 kg. The majority of Jupiter’s mass is hydrogen and helium. These two elements make up more than 87% of the total mass of Jupiter.
The mass of our Sun is 1.99×10^30 kg. Thus, the mass of Jupiter is appox 0.001 times the mass of the Sun and its radius is about 1/10 the radius of the Sun.
Jupiter’s mass is 2.5 times that of all the other planets in the Solar System combined. It is so massive that its barycenter with the Sun lies beyond the Sun’s surface at 1.068 solar radii from the Sun’s center.
Jupiter is the fifth and largest planet in our solar system. It is also one of the brightest planets, second to Venus. Jupiter is composed mostly of gas.
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