(1) Britain and China
(2) Britain and India
(3) India and China
(4) Britain and Japan
Correct Answer : (1) The Opium wars were fought between Britain and China.
The Opium Wars, also known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars, were the climax of disputes over trade and diplomatic relations between China under the Qing Dynasty and the British Empire.
As the smuggling of opium by the European traders to China increased, the Chinese authorities suspended all trade with European traders. This led to the Opium Wars. The war was supported by the other European powers and China was defeated by England which imposed a series of unequal treaties on China.
The first Opium War was fought between China and Great Britain from 1839 to 1842 and the second Opium War was fought from 1856 to 1860. China lost both wars. The Opium Wars started China’s “Century of humiliation”.
China had to cede the territory of Hong Kong to British control, open treaty ports to trade with foreigners, and grant special rights to foreigners operating within the treaty ports.
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