Third Battle of Panipat (1761)

The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 14 January 1761, at Panipat, about 60 miles (95.5 km) north of Delhi between a northern expeditionary force of the Maratha Empire and the King of Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Durrani with two Indian Muslim allies— the Rohilla Afghans of the Doab, and Shuja-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Oudh.

Important Facts about Third Battle of Panipat (1761) :

  • Since the Afghan forces were larger in number, by the end of the first day of the Third Battle of Panipat, most of the Maratha forces had fled, been killed or taken prisoner.
  • One of the other reasons was that the Afghans’ artillery was more effective.
  • More than anything, the Marathas inability to persuade the Rajputs, Jats and Sikhs to fight on their side proved fatal for the Marathas.
  • The extent of the losses on both sides is believed that between 60,000–70,000 were killed in fighting, mostly Marathas.
  • After the victory, the Afghan cavalry ran wild through the streets of Panipat, killing forty thousands of Maratha soldiers and civilians.
  • The women and children were taken in Afghan camps as slaves and children over 14 years of age were beheaded before their own mothers and sisters.
  • Although the Third Battle of Panipat changed the power equations in India, the Afghans could hardly rule any further.
  • In 1771, 10 years after Panipat, Peshwa Madhavrao sent a large Maratha army into North India and the success of this campaign can be seen as the last saga of the long story of Panipat.
The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 14 January 1761, at Panipat, between a northern expeditionary force of the Maratha Empire and the King of Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Durrani .
The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 14 January 1761, at Panipat.

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