Which group of thinkers who influenced Fascism ?

(1) Plato, Machiavelli and Herbert Spencer
(2) Aristotle, St. Augustine and T.H. Green
(3) Kant, Fichte, Hegel and Rosenberg
(4) Karl Marx, Engels and Lenin

Correct Answer : (1) Plato, Machiavelli and Herbert Spencer are the group of thinkers who influenced fascism.

Explanation :

Early influences that shaped the ideology of fascism have been dated back to ancient Greece. In the Republic, Plato emphasised the need for absolute and unlimited authority of a philosopher king in an ideal state.

Niccolo Machiavelli is known to have influenced Italian Fascism, particularly his promotion of the absolute authority of the state. Machiavelli rejected all existing traditional and metaphysical assumptions of the time and asserted as an Italian patriot that Italy needed a strong and all-powerful state led by a vigorous and ruthless leader who would conquer and unify Italy.

Herbert Spencer developed an all-embracing conception of evolution as the progressive development of the physical world, biological organisms, the human mind, and human culture and societies. He was among the group of thinkers who influenced fascism and promoted the theory of absolute and unlimited authority.

Plato, Machiavelli and Herbet Spencer are the group of thinkers who influenced fascism and its promotion of the absolute authority of the state.
Herbert Spencer was among the group of thinkers who influenced fascism.

See Also

Reference

guest

0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments