Which language has been given the status of classical language by Central Government ?

(1) Gujarati
(2) Tamil
(3) Marathi
(4) Malayalam

Correct Answer : (2) Tamil language has been given the status of classical language by Central Government.

Explanation :

In 2004, the Government of India declared that languages that met certain requirements could be accorded the status of a “Classical Language in India”.

The first language to be given with that status of classical language was Tamil in 2004. Currently, there are six languages that enjoy the status of classical language in India: Tamil (declared in 2004), Sanskrit (2005), Kannada (2008), Telugu (2008), Malayalam (2013) and Odia (2014).

The Ministry of Culture provides the following guidelines regarding status of Classical language:

(i) High antiquity of its early texts/recorded history over a period of 1500-2000 years;

(ii) A body of ancient literature/texts, which is considered a valuable heritage by generations of speakers;

(iii) The literary tradition be original and not borrowed from another speech community;

(iv) The classical language and literature being distinct from modern, there may also be a discontinuity between the classical language and its later forms or its offshoots.” and Telugu (in 2008).

See Also

Reference

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